Corbett – the land of trumpet and roar
The famous tiger reserve as we know it was named so after the efforts of Jim Corbett and the then Governor of United provinces Sir Malcolm Hailey as Hailey National Park in 1936, but it was initiated by the efforts of a Major Ramsay of the East India Company to save the dwindling forests cover in the Terai area…
Many British officers wanted to save the area from uncontrolled hunting and felling trees therefore initially an area of 321 sq km was marked and was named the Hailey Park and it became Asia’s first protected sanctuary .
In 1954 it was rechristened as the Ramganga reserve as the river Ramganga flows through it and is one of the tributaries of the mighty Ganges.
However in 1956 it was named as Corbett National Park after his death in 1955 by the then Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru who was an ardent lover of Nature and India’s wild and knew of Jim Corbett’s efforts and his love for the denizens of the forests as is evident in all his books
Over time the park area increased, in 1971 Mrs. Indira Gandhi’s ambitious project “Project Tiger” came into being revolutionising the wildlife conservation effort. Giving the tiger more teeth to surive.
In 1991 1100 sq km were added as Buffer zone from adjoining zones such as the Kalagarh and Sonanadi wildlife sanctuary’s and today the national park has almost 1500 sq km of forests
The Corbett National Park has one of the most beautiful topography in all the parks in the world surrounded by mountains, ravines to the grasslands and small rivers.
This park supports all kind of Flaura that you could possibly think of it has 488 different species of plants Sal, Jamun Trees.
The density of the forest is high where there is Sal cover and low where there are shrubs and grasslands.
Fauna the park has an abundant animal life from mammals to reptiles to birds some local to the area but most are migratory.
There are more than 580 species of birds in this park and its adjoining forests such as Pawalgarh Sitabani to name a few. In fact there are so many to watch that each year there is a birding festival held in Pawalgarh Conservation reserve which is a part of the Ramnagar forest division.
There is a variety of mammals beside the famous attraction of Royal Bengal Tiger the park has a healthy population of the Leopard, Leopard cat, Jungle cat, Sloth Bear, Black Bear, Asiatic Elephant, Jackals, Sambhar, Neel Gai, Spotted dear, Muntjac deer, Indian Mouse Deer and Wild boar…
Reptiles here as the Ghariyal or the Alligator, Crocodile, King Cobra, Indian Python, Monitor Lizard etc.. There are variety of fishes from the Mahaseer to the fesh water turtle are all found here…All you have to do is be a bit patient…
And truly if you are a jungle lover there is so much for you to see and experience… the sounds of the jungle in itself is like a symphony being played out…
ECO TOURISM (A Public initiative…)
Though the main focus is protection of wildlife, the reserve management has also encouraged eco tourism.
In 1993, a training course covering natural history, visitor management and park interpretation was introduced to train nature guides, a second course followed in 1995, which recruited more guides for the same purpose. This allowed the staff of the reserve, previously preoccupied with guiding the visitors, to carry out management activities uninterrupted.
Additionally, the government has organized workshops on ecotourism in Corbett National Park and buffer areas to ensure that the local citizens profit from tourism while the park remains protected, a good example of which can be seen in the Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve….
Prakriti Prahari is a good example of volunteer youth working and training to help conserve the natural heritage that they have ….
Best time to visit Mid November to Mid June
The town of Ramnagar is the headquarters of the reserve, is well connected by road and rail
It has overnight trains from New Delhi. One can also hire a taxi to reach Ramnagar, as the distance from Delhi is only 280 kilometres or 176 miles approximately whichever you prefer….